在新墨西哥州, child custody and custody agreements are usually governed by what’s called a parenting plan. 育儿计划概述了监护权, 分时, 接送细节, 假期和学校安排, 孩子的抚养费，以及其他与抚养子女有关的问题. 通常，育儿计划是夫妻双方的一部分 离婚 并打算成为一项永久协议. 然而, many times parenting plans are created when a non-married couple with children separate, 尤其是有共同监护权或子女抚养费的时候. 此外, 虽然这个协议是永久性的, things like 监护权和子女抚养费 are always under the jurisdiction of the court and can, 因此, 可随时更改.
This means that you can always petition the court for a modification of the agreement if you need to. 记住，很多小的, 但同样重要的问题，比如教育, 宗教教育, 假期, 娱乐活动, 学校的活动, and all the other issues are outlined by the plan so changes to these categories often necessitate changes to the parenting plan.
生活发生了, and an agreement that worked 2 years ago doesn’t always reflect the realities of the present. 在新墨西哥州, if there has been “a significant and material change in circumstances that warrants a modification of custody, 和分时”(根据NMSA 1978, § 40-4-9.1.), either parent can file what’s called a Motion to Modify 监护权 and 分时. This is possible when there has been a major change in the child’s or the parent’s life, and the present time-sharing arrangement is no longer practical or is no longer in the child’s best interests. 那么，“环境的实质性和实质性变化”是什么样的呢? 可能是父母要搬到其他州, 重新回到这个州, 改变城市, 从监禁中释放出来, 从毒瘾中恢复过来的父母, 参加必要的育儿或咨询课程的人, 虐待或忽视的指控, or any other factor that significantly changes the dynamic of the parent-child relationship or their ability to care for the child.
不幸的是, there are other more urgent reasons one parent may opt to file a motion to modify custody or even an emergency motion to do so. 如果父母的另一方有不稳定的行为, 吸毒或酗酒的, convicted of a serious felony or abusive toward the child in any way that threatens their safety, 福利, or best interests – the court will likely grant the motion to modify the present time-sharing arrangement.
在这种情况下，父母可以一起工作和有效沟通, modifying the Parenting Plan is as easy as drafting up the changes and submitting the new Parenting Plan to the district court for approval. Whether or not the parties should get legal assistance in this process will depend on the circumstances. 如果可能的话, it is often beneficial to have a custody attorney draft the document to ensure that the wishes of the parties are indeed reflected in the language and that the plan meets the court's requirements If you work with one of Genus Law’s 阿尔伯克基 custody attorneys, 我们将倾听你们的关切和愿望, 起草一份反映这一点的计划, 提交给法庭和书记员.
If you and your ex were never married and you never created a formal parenting plan or custody agreement, 你可能已经意识到了, 或者很快你就真的需要了. 在这种情况下, the parents have probably never involved the court with their parenting arrangements and the father may or may not have acknowledged 亲子鉴定合法或不合法. This can create a considerable amount of uncertainty and can leave you and your children dependent on the whims of the other parent. 这也严重限制了你在监护权纠纷中的选择. 如果任何时候，如果父母中的一方扣留孩子, 因为任何原因, the police will tell both parents that the matter is outside of their control and there is nothing they can do. This is because the dispute is legally considered a “domestic matter” without a clear court order that governs custody. This means that both parents technically have the same claim to custody so the matter would have to be resolved before a domestic relations judge. 不幸的是, the process of getting a decision can take several weeks or even months. 这可能意味着在相当长的一段时间内没有你的孩子.
在这种情况下解决纠纷, 寻求监护权的父母必须提交一份确认亲子关系的请愿书, 监护权, 分时, 和孩子支持. The court will then set a hearing date, requiring both parents to come before the court. At the hearing, the court will determine whether the father is accepting parentage. 如果父母的身份有争议，法院可以下令进行DNA测试. Once parentage has been established, the court will set temporary 分时度假和子女抚养. 如你所见, it is advisable to either agree to a parenting plan with the other party as soon as you separate, 或者向法院申请一个. 如果你等到监护权问题出现, 你将受到上述参考过程的压力和不确定性, 以及漫长的等待.
If you are trying to establish a relationship with your child for the first time or trying to reestablish that connection, 可能会涉及到额外的步骤. New Mexico family law courts prefer to have both parents involved in the child’s life. 在大多数情况下, they will allow an estranged or absent parent to regain their parental rights as long as they do not present a threat to the child. 不过这个过程并不容易. Any modification of custody must go through the steps mentioned above to get the court involved with custody, 分时度假和子女抚养. 然而, 缺席的父母应该预料到会遇到一系列的步骤, 跨越障碍和跳跃来达到他们的最终目标，有更多的时间和他们的孩子在一起. 从未与孩子建立关系的父母, or who have been absent from the child’s life for a significant period of time should expect the court to begin with a reintegration plan, 在那里，孩子慢慢地融入不在身边的父母的生活. 这个过程通常开始于一小段时间的监督访问, 通常是通过第三方机构，比如“中立之角”. 随着时间的推移和关系的发展, 法院允许父母有更多的时间陪伴孩子, 从更长的访问开始, unsupervised visits and working up to overnight visits and then multiple days of visitation. If everything goes ok, this can eventually scale to joint custody or regular 分时.
你是否想要获得孩子的单独监护权, 和他们一起搬出州, or just trying to get more time with your children or your establishing custody and 分时 for the first time, 我们可以帮助. Genus法律集团经验丰富的离婚和监护权律师只处理离婚, 监护权和子女抚养费. 这意味着我们所有的资源, 系统, and experiences are geared toward getting the best outcome for you in your New Mexico family law case. Call or chat with a real person now with our website chat function to book your case strategy session with 阿尔伯克基’s best custody lawyers.