If you’re at the point where you are considering getting a restraining order against someone, 重要的是你要知道新墨西哥州的基本程序以及限制令对你有什么作用. There are different types of restraining orders that you can apply in different situations. If there are issues of domestic violence or abuse, your legal options may be different than if you're just facing unwanted communication. 这篇有帮助的指南可以为您提供在阿尔伯克基和拉斯克鲁塞斯可能适用的限制令类型的概述,以及您如何获取它们. 

Please keep in mind, YOU DO NOT NEED A LAWYER TO GET A RESTRAINING ORDER. 事实上, Genus Law can only help you if that restraining order is part of a larger 离婚 case, 或者你需要代表参加DVOP听证会(一名家庭成员已向你提交了保护令). 

If you need help with your specific family law situation, 网上赌app三公软件的阿尔伯克基离婚案, 监护权, and Domestic Violence attorneys at (505)-317-4455 to get the legal relief you and your family deserve. 属法不受理民事案件. 我们关注的是离婚和抚养权. If you need an order of protection against your 配偶 or partner, or you need help dealing with an order of protection hearing, 我们可以帮助. 


A person signing a New Mexico restraining order and to the side is a gavel as well as textbooks.

什么是限制令? 

A restraining order is a temporary court order that prohibits someone, in most cases from contacting or approaching someone else. 在新墨西哥州, there are two basic categories of restraining orders, Protection Orders and 公民限制订单. Protection Orders generally deal with domestic violence. An Emergency Protection Order can be granted after you or law enforcement request one from the courts. 这通常可以在你打电话给执法部门对家庭暴力事件作出反应后进行(尽管不是必要的)。. 你可以在没有法庭听证的情况下获得一个临时紧急命令而且施虐者也不知道, 然而, an emergency order only lasts until you have your court hearing for a permanent domestic order. 就像紧急命令一样, a temporary protection order (TDO) can be granted without a hearing and without the abuser knowing. 通常, 聆讯将于发出命令后10天内举行,并会将聆讯通知另一方. Unlike an emergency order, you will have to apply for a TPO yourself. 只有在双方都能提供证据和证词的听证会之后,才能授予永久保护令. A Permanent Order can last for months or years and they can be renewed once they expire. 

 

我什么时候能拿到限制令?

正如前面所讨论的, 如果执法人员被要求对某一事件作出反应,他们可以申请紧急保护令. 然而, some rural counties 在新墨西哥州 do not offer this service, in which case you will have to wait until the next business day to request a temporary order of protection. 在发生家庭暴力事件后,如果法官有理由相信你或你的孩子面临迫在眉睫的家庭暴力危险,他们通常会发出紧急命令. 

 

临时保护令, 或传真照片, 在你填写一份宣誓书或陈述你寻求保护的理由的请愿书后,法院是否可以批准你的申请. A judge can grant a TPO if they believe domestic abuse has occurred. 法官可能还会在发布命令处理你的请愿书中提出的指控的10天内确定一个听证会日期,并看看是否应该批准一个永久的国内命令. 

法庭可以在双方都可以提出论点和证词的正式听证会之后,授予永久保护令.  如果涉及到孩子和监护权问题, a judge may grant this order to last from months to years, or they can assign another expiration date based on their discretion. Other injunctive orders can be granted and can stay in place after the permanent order of protection expires. 

如果双方都寻求限制令而法官认为双方都是攻击性行为而不是自卫, they may grant a mutual order of protection. 

 

我怎样才能得到限制令? 

正如以前讨论的, 在新墨西哥州, 紧急命令只能由执法部门提出请求,而永久命令只能由法官在法庭听证后发出. 然而, temporary orders of protection can be requested at any time at your local district courthouse. 通常, you will fill out a petition for a temporary domestic order in which you will disclose why you feel threatened. Use descriptive language and be as specific as possible, provide dates and details. You can also apply for a permanent order of protection at the same time and request a hearing date. 还记得, you must prove an act or acts of domestic violence have occurred, so document everything and obtain as many records as possible. A lawyer can help you obtain the relevant documentation and advise you on what further steps need to be taken. It is likely that other issues like 离婚, 监护权, 你需要解决配偶或子女抚养费的问题,所以尽早联系一位知识渊博的律师可能对你最有利. Every case is different so if you need help getting a restraining order in 阿尔伯克基, 圣达菲, 洛斯阿拉莫斯或拉斯克鲁塞斯, contact Genus Law’s experienced 离婚 and domestic violence attorneys at (505) 317-4455 or by 点击这里.

公民限制订单

Victims of non-domestic abuse or harassment can apply for a civil restraining order. 如果法院认为如果不制止这种行为可能会造成永久性伤害,那么它可以批准民事限制令. 例如在伯纳利洛县, 或者第二个司法区,  你可以申请民事限制令,如果任何人“造成你严重伤害或威胁你的伤害可能继续/造成你不可弥补的伤害”,如果没有命令停止. You can file a civil restraining order against almost anyone who you do not have a domestic relationship with, 但它需要132美元.00申请费. 

限制令如何保护我?

紧急保护令, which can be issued at the request of law enforcement, can either: forbids the abuser from engaging in further acts of abuse, or from threatening to commit acts of abuse, against you or any of your household members; forbid the abuser from contacting you in any way; and grant you temporary 监护权 of your children.

临时保护令 can: forbid the abuser from abusing you your household members; forbid the abuser from contacting you in any way (except through your lawyer if you have one); order the abuser to stay away from you, 你的家, school and work; grant you temporary 监护权 of your children (and order the abuser to have no contact with them or arrange for a way for the children to be in contact with the abuser); order both you and the petitioner to not remove your children from the state or disenroll them from school while the temporary order is in effect; award child support and temporary support for you when appropriate; and order the abuser to leave the home and surrender keys to the home to law enforcement or allow law enforcement to accompany you to get your belongings if you are leaving the home.

A permanent protection order can: forbid the abuser from engaging in further acts of abuse, or from threatening to commit acts of abuse; forbid the abuser from contacting you in any way; order the abuser to let you retrieve your belongings from a home you share with him/her;award you temporary 监护权 of any children involved and determine visitation rights, child support and temporary support for you when appropriate; forbid the abuser from hiding, giving away or throwing away your belongings; order the abuser to pay for any expenses related to the domestic abuse including medical, 咨询, replacement or repair of your damaged property, 工资损失, and the cost of temporary shelter;order the abuser to attend 咨询 sessions (and the court may also order you to attend 咨询 for victims); evict the abuser from a residence you share with him/her or order the abuser to provide a temporary residence for you; and order the abuser to hand over any firearms in his/her possession to the authorities and forbid him/her from buying firearms.

Whether a judge orders any or all of the above depends on the facts of your case.

If your protection order evicts the abuser from the residence you share with him/her, 你可以请求当地执法人员帮助你拥有该住宅或执行保护令中授予的任何其他项目.

If you need to obtain a restraining order against your partner, 配偶, ex, 家庭成员, 或其他任何人, Genus Law can help you obtain the protection you need. 我们的阿尔伯克基家庭律师事务所专门从事国内问题,所以我们能够在整个过程中帮助您, including other issues that might be relevant , 比如家庭暴力, 离婚, 监护权, 子女和配偶赡养费. 每一个案件都是不同的,所以请致电Genus法律公司经验丰富的家庭暴力律师在今天接受你应得的法律帮助.

 For more information on 阿尔伯克基 离婚, child 监护权 or domestic violence issues, visit our 家庭法 页面得到你需要的答案. 

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